Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 31-34
Comparison of Different Binocular I Pad Games with Patching for Treatment of Amblyopia in Children: Pilot Study
Kholoud Ahmed Bokhary, Department of Optometry and Vision Science, Collage of Applied Medical Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Latifah Saud Aldohayan, Department of Optometry and Vision Science, Collage of Applied Medical Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Fahmy Rania Medhat, Department of Optometry and Vision Science, Collage of Applied Medical Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Abdullah Ghazi Alotaibi, Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Received: Dec. 22, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 30, 2019;       Published: Jan. 31, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijovs.20200501.16      View  312      Downloads  108
Abstract
Purpose- The aim of the study is to compare visual functions of children with uncorrected amblyopia treated with different binocular I Pad games and/or patching. Methods- Children with untreated amblyopia were enrolled in this pilot study. Children were divided into three groups: children treated with patching only, children attributed to play binocular snake I Pad game with patching, children attributed to play binocular blocks I Pad game with patching. Visual acuity VA, refraction, stereo acuity test, and ocular alignment tests were performed for all participants in the first visit and 4 weeks after starting treatment. Visual functions were compared between both visits. Results- A total of 18 children with untreated amblyopia participated in this study. Children were divided into three groups: Group 1= 8 children treated with patching only, Group 2= 5 children attributed to play binocular snake I Pad game with patching, and Group 3= 5 children attributed to play binocular blocks I Pad game with patching. There was no significant difference (P > 0.05) in gender and age between the three groups. Children showed good compliance to all patching treatment and I pad games groups. After 4 weeks, Visual acuity was improved in all amblyopic children in the form of one line improvement in patching group, two lines with binocular snake I Pad game and three lines with binocular blocks I Pad game. Moreover, stereoacuity was improved in all groups with greatest advance in blocks games group followed by snake group then patching group. Conclusion- This study demonstrated great effectiveness of both snake, and blocks binocular I Pad games on visual functions improvement for treatment of amblyopia. These games can contribute with patching in achieving better VA and stereoacuity enhancement in a shorter duration than patching alone.
Keywords
Amblyopia, I Pad Games, Patching, Stereoacuity, Visual Acuity
To cite this article
Kholoud Ahmed Bokhary, Latifah Saud Aldohayan, Fahmy Rania Medhat, Abdullah Ghazi Alotaibi, Comparison of Different Binocular I Pad Games with Patching for Treatment of Amblyopia in Children: Pilot Study, International Journal of Ophthalmology & Visual Science. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 31-34. doi: 10.11648/j.ijovs.20200501.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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